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Authors: Wei Liu, Jingshe Li, Hongbo Yang, Shufeng YangR, Xiangzhou
A 3D transient numerical model of molten steel and compressible oxygen flow in a top blown converter has been built using CFD software. The geometric details and the coalescence of multiplejets were considered. The effect of oxygen pressure on oxygenjet and molten steel flow was analyzed comprehensively by the model. The simulation results show that the Mach number and high-speed range of the oxygen jets increase with oxygen pressure rising.
Authors: Wanliang Yang, Jingshe Li, Jiangshan Zhang, Yang Wang
The ladle shroud can also play as a flow control device in tundish. Water modelling and Reynolds-average modelling were employed, but not very suitable to describe the turbulent flow with strong instant velocity variations and high-energy dissipation in the ladle shroud.
Authors: Xiao-jie GAO, Jing-she LI, Cheng-song LIU, Shu-feng YANG
In this study, different trials using tracers were performed to investigate the source of slag inclusions in SPHC steel grade. Among Macro-inclusions by electrolysis in different trials, a large amount of Ba , which was added in LF refining slag, has been detected in macro-inclusions of LF refining, while little of that was found in tundish and continuous casting slab.
Investigation Of Microstructure And Purity Of Nickel Based Superalloy Master Alloy With Revert Remelting Method
Authors: Chuanbo Ji, Xiaofeng Wang, Jie Yang, Jinwen Zou
The microstructure and purification technology of nickel based powder metallurgy superalloy was investigated with the revert remelting in the industrial vacuum furnace. The effect of melted filter system and secondary refining on the cleanness of the master alloy was also carried out in the experiment. The purity of the master alloy comparison between reverts and virgin alloy was also performed by the chemical analysis, gas content and big sample electrolysis methods.
Solidification Characteristics Of Fe-Rich Intermetallics And Its Effect On Mechanical Properties Of Squeeze Cast Al-5.0Cu-0.6Mn Alloy
Authors: Wei wen Zhang, Bo Lin, Datong Zhang, Yuanyuan Li
The development of high performance Al-Cu based alloys generally depends on the strict control of the Fe content. With the increasing use of recycled aluminum alloys, it is necessary to extend the tolerance of Fe content for the purpose of low cost, energy saving and environment protection. In this paper, the solidification characteristics of Fe-rich intermetallics and its effect on mechanical properties of squeeze cast Al-5.0Cu-0.6Mn alloy with Fe content up to 1.5 wt% have been investigated.
Authors: Alan P. Druschitz, Katie Tontodonato
Heat treatment (solutionize and quench) altered the characteristic operating parameters and reduced the variation in performance of an aluminum-zinc-bismuth alloy sacrificial anode as measured by galvanostatic, potentiostatic, open circuit, Tafel and galvanic corrosion tests. The specific alloy composition was Al-0.57 wt% Zn-0.55 wt% Bi and the heat treatment was solutionize at 5380C (1000°F) for 96 hours followed by water quenching. The average potential and corrosion rate from galvanostatic tests were -0.815 } 0.011 V sce and 0.35 } 0.02 mg/hr for as-cast material and -0.798 } 0.010 V sce and 0.36 } 0.02 mg/hr for heat treated material.
Effect Of Nickel Additions On Solidification Structure And Aging Response In Copper-Manganese Alloys
Authors: Kevin J. Chaput and Kevin P. Trumble
Recently a binary alloy based around the congruent point (Cu-35Mn) in the Cu-Mn system was developed as a lead-free casting bronze. The unique feature of this alloy was that the as-cast microstructure displayed a cellular solidification structure free of shrinkage porosity.
Numerical Simulation Of Molten Steel Flow And Inclusions Motion Behavior In The Solidification Processes For High Speed Continuous Casting Slab
Authors: Shaowu Lei, Jiongming Zhang, Xinkai Zhao, Qipeng Dong
A three-dimensional numerical simulation of transient fluid flow field during the solidification processes for high speed continuous casting slab has been developed to predict the solidification front capturing the inclusions at different casting speed and the distribution of the inclusions at the different location in the inner surface layer for high speed process has been given.
Flow And Temperature Field Evolution During Solidification Of An Electromagnetically Stirred Melt: Influence Of Magnetic Shields
Authors: Gregory Poole, Laurentiu Nastac
This paper investigates the effect of magnetic shield placement in proximity to an electromagnetically-stirred melt undergoing solidification. The electromagnetic field in both the molten metal and magnetic shields was computed using the mutual inductance technique. An improved dual-zone model was employed to describe the flow behavior in the mushy region.
Authors: Xiangzhou Gao, Jingshe Li, Shufeng Yang
In order to improve the center segregation of 50CrMo billet, a three-dimensional numerical model for continuous casting process was established to investigate the influence law of process parameters on secondary dendrite arm spacing (SDAS) and equiaxed crystal ratio.