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Light Microscopy of Carbon Steels

Author: L.E. Samuels   |   Hardcover   |   Product code: 06656G   |   ISBN: 978-0-87170-655-3

Classified as: Carbon and Alloy Steels Metallography and Microstructures

Price: $237.00 Member Price: $175.00

With a wealth of micrographs and the explanatory text to make them really useful, this book is a "must have" reference for all persons who select adn evaluate steels. Each micrograph is accompanied by data on the composition, condition, etchant, and magnification. This "how to" book not only gives everyday working examples, but also discusses the relationship between the constitution, properties, and microstructure of various carbon steel products.

This volume and an update and expansion of the book Optical Microscopy of Carbon Steels (ASM, 1980) by  the same author.

Key features:

  • Contains over 1,200 micrographs that illustrate the structures discussed
  • Includes more than 90 other figures
  • Describes etching methods used to reveal important structural features



  • Nomenclature of Phases and Constituents
  • Phase Transformations
  • Constitutional, Isothermal-Transformation, and Continuous-Cooling Diagrams
  • Effects of Alloying Elements
  • Low-Carbon Irons and Steels
  • Annealed and Normalized Steels
  • Spheroidizing and Graphitization
  • Austenitization
  • Transformation of Austenite
  • Tempering of Martensite
  • Welding
  • Surface Oxidation, Decarburation and Carburizing Oxidation Scaling
  • Glossary of Terms
  • Etching Methods
  • Conversion Tables
  • True-Distance Conversion


Dr. Leonard E. Samuels, FASM, was one of the best-known Australian metallurgists of his generation. He built his expertise as an optical microscopist and metallographer during his career working for Australia's Munitions Supply Laboratories, later named the Defence Standards Laboratories. Recognizing the importance of surface preparation, he sought to apply more scientific practices to metallography. His book, Metallographic Polishing by Mechanical Methods, published by ASM International, extended to four editions. He authored Optical Microscopy of Carbon Steels, and its updated edition, Light Microscopy of Carbon Steels, also published by ASM International. One of his more novel projects involved investigating the metallurgy of the cast iron cannons that had been jettisoned from Captain Cook's vessel, Endeavor, in 1770 when it ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef. More information about Len's life and work is provided in a tribute written by George Vander Voort in the latest edition of Metallographic Polishing by Mechanical Methods.



  • Publisher: ASM International
  • Published: 1999
  • Pages: 500
  • ISBN: 978-0-87170-655-3