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Stainless Steels

Author: George Krauss   |   Document Download   |   Product code: ZSPSAP2005P495

File size: 901 KB

Classified as: Stainless Steels

Price: $25.00 Member Price: $20.00

Stainless steels are a large group of special alloys developed primarily to withstand corrosion. Other desirable features may include excellent formability, high room-temperature and cryogenic toughness, and good resistance to scaling, oxidation, and creep at elevated temperatures. Chromium is the alloying element that imparts corrosion resistance to stainless steels, but many other elements may be added to stabilize other phases, provide added corrosion resistance, or produce enhanced mechanical properties. Austenitic, ferritic, and duplex stainless steels cannot be hardened by heat treatment, and therefore, alloying and thermomechanical processing are designed to minimize the formation of phases detrimental to corrosion resistance or toughness. In austenitic stainless steels, strength is also developed by cold work and strain-induced martensite formation. Martensitic stainless steels can be heat treated by quench and tempering to high hardness and strength. Precipitation-hardening grades of stainless steel have also been developed. This chapter describes alloy design, microstructure, and thermomechanical processing used for optimum performance of the various classes of stainless steels.

  • From: Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance (ASM International)
  • Published: August 01, 2005
  • Pages: 40
  • Review Type: Peer reviewed