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Erosive Wear Testing of Laser Clad and HVOF Coatings for Drilling in Mining

May 17, 2019
Source: ASM International

This ITSC presentation focuses on the fact that drilling is a major cost factor to mining operations (exploration, drill and blast operations), and wear of components is a significant driver of drilling costs. For drilling, especially in hard rocks, rotary drills do not deliver satisfactory results.  Instead, down-the-Hole (DTH) hammers or Reverse Circulation (RC) hammers are used. These drills break the rock through repetitive impact. Cuttings are removed via a high velocity air stream. The main wear mechanism for these hammers was found to be erosion.


To combat erosive wear laser clad coatings with a Ni-matrix and different sized fused tungsten carbides FTC (WC/W2C) (angular and spherical) and monocrystalline WC were developed. Moreover, hard Fe-based HVOF coatings were investigated and a wear-resistant steel served as a reference.


An erosion testing apparatus which follows ASTM G76 was developed. Testing was carried out at 15 to 90 degree angles in 15-degree steps for all materials. Coating performance was assessed via volume loss, obtained using 3D profilometry. At low angles, the more brittle materials lost significantly less volume, but at a 90-degree angle the wear resistant steel performs almost as well as a hard phase loaded coating. Laser clad coatings with spherical FTC showed overall a better performance than coatings with angular FTC.


Dr. Thomas Schlaefer, LaserBond Ltd, Cavan, Australia

Dr. Christiane Schulz , Dr. Eric Charrault , Dr. Colin Hall , University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, Australia


Tuesday, May 28, 2019: 15:30

Annex Hall/F203 (Pacifico Yokohama)



Subject Classifications

Industries and Applications | Aerospace and Defense

Materials Processing and Treatment | Coating

Materials Processing and Treatment | Surface Engineering

Materials Processing and Treatment | Thermal Spray Technology

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